Pakistan International Airlines Corporation, more commonly known as Pakistan International Airlines or PIA (Template:Lang-ur), is the flag carrier airline of Pakistan, based in Karachi. It is the 31st largest airline in Asia, operating scheduled services to 35 destinations throughout Asia, the Middle East, Europe and North America, as well as a domestic network linking 23 destinations. Its main bases are Jinnah International Airport, Karachi, the Allama Iqbal International Airport, Lahore and the Benazir Bhutto International Airport, Islamabad/Rawalpindi. The airline's secondary bases include Peshawar International Airport, Faisalabad International Airport, Quetta International Airport and Multan International Airport, from which it connects the metropolitan cities with the main bases, the Middle East and the Far East. The airline is owned by the Government of Pakistan (87%) and other shareholders (13%). It employed 18,043 people as of May 2008.PIA has more international destinations than any other South Asia airline.
Pakistan International Airlines, or PIA for short, can trace its beginnings to the days when Pakistan was not an independent state. In 1946 Muhammed Ali Jinnah realised the need for an airline network for the forming country and called upon the help of an industrialist Mirza Ahmad Ispahani to develop a flag carrier for the nation. Meanwhile, an airline called Orient Airways, registered in Calcutta, was formed on October 23 1946. In February 1947, the airline brought three DC-3 airplanes from a company in Texas, and in May of that year the airline was granted a licence to fly. Services were started in June from Kolkata to Sittwe and Yangon. This was the first post-war airline flight by a South Asian registered airline companyTemplate:Fact. Two months after this service began, Pakistan was formed. Orient Airways began relief flights to the new nation and, soon after, it moved its operations to Karachi, where it began flights to Dhaka on June 7, 1954. In addition, the first two domestic routes in Pakistan were established, from Karachi to Lahore to Peshawar, and from Karachi to Quetta to Lahore.
The Government of Pakistan, realizing the operation was failing economically, proposed that Orient Airways merge into a new national airline. On March 11 1955, Orient Airways merged with the government's proposed airline, becoming Pakistan International Airlines Corporation. During the same year the airline opened its first international service, from Karachi to London Heathrow Airport via Cairo International Airport and Leonardo da Vinci Airport in Fiumicino, Italy, using the Lockheed L-1049C Super Constellation. The DC-3s continued operating the domestic services in Pakistan. In May 1956, PIA ordered two Super Lockheed Constellations and five Vickers Viscount 815. In 1959, Malik Nur Khan was named Managing Director.
In March 1960, PIA became the first Asian airline to use jet aircraft when Boeing 707 services were introducedTemplate:Fact. The aircraft were wet leased from Pan American and in 1961 services were begun to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York. In 1962, orders were placed for Boeing 720s, Fokker F27s and Sikorsky helicopters. One of PIA's Boeing 720s broke a world record that year, when it flew from London to Karachi non-stop in 6 hours, 43 minutes and 55 seconds during its delivery flight from Seattle, piloted by PIA's senior Captain Abdullah Baig, a record unbroken to this day. During 1962, services to East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) were proving to be difficult, therefore PIA placed their Sikorsky S-61 helicopters on these routes until 1966 when conditions improved. In 1964 PIA became the first airline from a non-communist country to fly to the People's Republic of China. As the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 broke out, PIA helped the Pakistani forces with logistics and transport. In 1966, the Viscounts were phased out, substituted by four Tridents. However, as growth surpassed the need for these aircraft, they were later sold to Civil Aviation Administration of China.
The 1970s saw the resumption of transatlantic flights and new destinations. It once again aided the Pakistan Army by transporting soldiers to East Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and lost a couple of its aircraft to Indian Air Force fighters.. In 1972 it applied to operate to Libya and an agreement was signed with Yugoslav airline JAT. In 1973, McDonnell Douglas DC-10s arrived and were used by the airline before they were replaced by Boeing 747-200Bs. In 1974 air freight services started, as well as a cargo service to New York under the name, Pakistan International Cargo. In 1975, PIA introduced new uniforms for air hostesses. These uniforms were chosen through an open competition, the winning entry was a design by Sir Hardy Amies who was designer to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
In 1976, leased Boeing 747-200Bs came into service. In 1978, the airline bought their first Boeing 747-200BM aircraft. Also in 1978 the airline provided help to Somali Airlines, Air Malta and Yemenia and established a hotel management service in the United Arab Emirates. PIA leased two of its own Boeing 720s to Air Malta during the 70s.
The 1980s began with the opening of a cargo centre in Karachi and the delivery of a new aircraft, Airbus A300B4-203. In 1981, a duty-free sales service was inaugurated. During 1982, the first C and D checks were carried out on the fleet in Karachi. In 1984, domestic night coach fare service was introduced to offer lower prices for low-income passengers. In 1985 the PIA Planetarium tourist attraction was inaugurated in Karachi and later in Lahore. In the same year, five Boeing 737-300s joined the fleet making PIA the first Asian operator of such a type. Two former PIA Boeing 720Bs now form part of the Planetarium's exhibition at Karachi and Lahore. In late 1987 and early 1988, flights were introduced to Malé and to Toronto Pearson International Airport, respectively. In 1989, the first women pilots started their career on passenger airplanes.
During June 1991, PIA received the first of six Airbus A310-300 aircraft on from Airbus Industrie. In 1992, flights started to Tashkent and in 1993, to Zürich, Switzerland. In addition, PIA became a user of the Sabre, Galileo and Amadeus global distribution systems. During 1994, PIA added Jakarta, Fujairah, Baku and Al-Ain to its destinations. Air Safari flights were launched in the same year using Boeing 737-300 aircraft over the Karakoram Range mountains. In 1995, PIA received a Boeing 747 flight simulation system and a used Air France A300 aircraft was bought. In 1996 the airline leased Tupolev Tu-154 aircraft, and re-opened services to Beirut.
PIA only used the Tupolev Tu-154 for a short time to deal with the demand during the summer of 1996. In 1999, PIA leased five Boeing 747-300 aircraft from Cathay Pacific to replace its aging Boeing 747-200 fleet. The aircraft wore a new livery with a handwork Pashmina tail on white body and large Pakistan titles on the front fuselage. The livery was applied to some of the fleet during the 90s but due to copyright problems the livery was dropped. The Boeing 747-300s remained in the new look but with a plain green tail with PIA titles. The other aircraft in the fleet were repainted in the 1990s livery.
In July 2002, PIA purchased six Boeing 747-300 aircraft from Cathay Pacific, five of which were already on lease with PIA. The sixth arrived shortly after and PIA operated the six aircraft mainly on its North American and European routes. In October 2002, after a period of ten years without any new order, the airline purchased eight Boeing 777 aircraft from The Boeing Company, including three 777-200ER (Extended Range), two 777-200LR (Longer Range) and three 777-300ER versions. PIA was the launch customer that revived the Boeing 777-200LR project that, until then, only had three orders by EVA Air. The first two Boeing 777-200LR produced were test aircraft used by Boeing, before they were delivered to PIA. One of these Boeing 777-200LR was displayed at the Paris Airshow during 2005.
During 2004, PIA took delivery of its first Boeing 777-200ER aircraft in January. On delivery of the first three Boeing 777-200ERs the airline introduced a new aircraft livery, which was later applied to the majority of the fleet. PIA also acquired six half life Airbus A310-300/ET from the Airbus management on a ten year lease agreement. On November 3, 2005 PIA signed an agreement with the aircraft manufacturer, ATR to purchase seven ATR42-500. The aircraft were purchased to replace the aging F-27 aircraft. The seven ATR aircraft were delivered between 2006 and 2007.Template:Fact On 6 December 2005, PIA leased an additional new Boeing 777-200ER from the International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC). The aircraft had the same specifications as the previous Boeing 777-200ER that PIA operated. The aircraft was delivered in January 2007 on ten year lease to the airline.
On February 25, 2006 Boeing delivered its first 777-200LR Worldliner to PIA, where it flew from Everett to Islamabad via Manchester, England. PIA started nonstop flights from Toronto to Karachi, Islamabad and Lahore from March 3 2006 taking advantage of Boeing 777-200LR's long range capability. PIA planned non-stop flights to New York City and other US cities with sizable Pakistani population centres, but was not given permission due to security reasons. On May 31, 2006, PIA took delivery of its first ATR aircraft from Toulouse, France. On December 23, 2006, PIA took delivery of its first Boeing 777-300ER. After the arrival of a second ATR 42-500, PIA has ceased using military Lockheed C-130 Hercules for passenger services in the north of Pakistan. The military planes were being used after the Fokker F27 fleet was grounded due to a fatal crash in July 2006.
On March 5, 2007, the European Commission banned all but eight planes of PIA's 44-plane fleet from flying to Europe citing safety concerns. PIA was blacklisted by 27 European Union states. The remaining eight, namely the fleet of Boeing 777s, has been exempted from the ban. PIA claims that this is discriminatory and the bans are not justifiable. On March 26, 2007, Tariq Saeed Kirmani resigned after severe pressure from higher authorities because of the EU ban. Zafar Khan was appointed as the new chairman of Pakistan International Airlines. A team from the European Union visited Karachi in July 2007, to check the condition of the planes and review the ban. On July 5, 2007, the EU lifted the restriction on 11 aircraft that PIA could fly into Europe, of which five were Boeing 747-300s and six Airbus A310-300s. . On November 29, 2007, The EU completely lifted the ban on PIA.. In the same year, PIA signed a lease deal for seven new Airbus A320-200 from Kuwait based leasing company ALAFCO, the factory built aircraft were to be delivered between 2009 and 2010, however the deal however was cancelled in 2008 due to various factors.
On March 19, 2008, PIA decided to retire its Boeing 747 fleet due to rising fuel costs . On May 7, 2008, Captain M. Aijaz Haroon was appointed the new Managing Director  and decided to re-introduce the Boeing 747s. 
PIA is owned by the government of Pakistan. In the late 1990s, the Government of Pakistan considered selling the airline to the private sector due to the persistent losses suffered by the airline. The Government announced the privatisation plans but they were never implemented. Several steps towards outsourcing of non-core business have been initiated. Catering units (starting with Karachi Flight Kitchen), ground handling (starting with ramp services) and engineering, are to be gradually carved out of the airline and operated as independent companies. During 1997, Pakistan called in a team from International Finance (IFC), the consulting arm of the World Bank, to advise on restructuring and privatisation of Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) however no agreement was reached. The government has many times planned the privitisation of the State owned. however as of yet no reasonable agreement or solution has been found. On February 18, 2009 the carrier was dropped from the privatisation list.
Financial performance Edit
The profitability of PIA as published in the 2007 annual report by Pakistan International Airlines Corporation with figures in millions of Pakistani Rupees. The following table suggests the key financial results for the end of year period of the financial year.
|Year||Revenues Rs Millions||Profit/(Loss) Rs Millions|
- Main article: Pakistan International Airlines destinations
PIA Online Ticketing Edit
Flying PIA is now easier than ever before. Just log on to www.piac.com.pk  and book and purchase your online ticket using your credit card. Web ticketing is conveniently accessible with swift issuance of tickets from home, office or anywhere for travel between major domestic stations of Pakistan and international stations of USA, Canada, Norway, Denmark, UK and UAE. Experience secure and convenient online transactions.
- Aerosvit Airlines (Karachi - Kiev)
- China Southern Airlines (Islamabad - Beijing/Urumqi) ^
- Thai Airways International (Islamabad/Karachi/Lahore - Bangkok) ^^
- Turkish Airlines ^^ (Islamabad/Karachi - Istanbul) ^^
Passenger operations Edit
PIA offers a three class configuration on its domestic routes which include Business Plus, Economy Plus and Economy. However on their international flights a two class configuration, Business Plus and Economy, has remained popular. According to the Annual Report 2007, PIA recorded a seat factor of 69%, a percentage drop from 2006. PIA Business Plus passengers are offered flat bed seats on all Boeing 777 as well as select Airbus A310 aircraft. Newspapers and magazines are available to all Business Plus and Economy Plus class passengers on PIA flights. Free newspapers are also provided to all Economy class passengers. The PIA in-flight magazine, Humsafar (Urdu for "travel companion"), is provided to all passengers on all international flights. Humsafar was introduced on PIA flights in 1980 and is printed and published in-house on a bi-monthly basis. PIA Awards Plus+ is the frequent flyer programme. The programme allows passengers to get free tickets, excess baggage vouchers, cabin upgrades, and a variety of rewards, special deals, and discounts with programme participants. Awards Plus+ offers three tiers of membership to frequent flyers - Emerald, Sapphire and Diamond. Awards Plus+ miles can be earned by flying PIA, and by using the products and services of PIA's partners. PIA Catering are the main suppliers of meals for the airline. They can produce 15,000 passenger meals each day. However since 2006, the management control of the flight kitchens has been given to Singapore Air Terminal Services (SATS). PIA Catering also provide special meals to allow for passengers' dietary and religious needs.
|long, medium and short haul|
Faisalabad, Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta
Beijing, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Delhi, Dhaka, Kathmandu, Mumbai, Abu Dhabi, Al Ain, Dammam, Doha, Dubai, Jeddah, Kuwait, Muscat, Riyadh
Amsterdam, Barcelona, Frankfurt [from 24 April], Glasgow, Istanbul, Leeds/Bradford, London-LHR, London-STN, Manchester
|6 of which|
are leased from
Islamabad, Gilgit, all of Balochistan, NWFP, Punjab, Sindh
Kabul, Muscat, Sharjah
|medium and short haul|
Islamabad, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta, Skardu, Sukkur, all of Punjab
Delhi, Kabul, Mumbai, Abu Dhabi, Al Ain, Bahrain, Dammam, Doha, Dubai, Kuwait, Muscat
|Boeing 747-200 Combi||1||298|
|medium and short haul|
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore
Hong Kong, Bangkok, Delhi, Dhaka, Mumbai
|medium and short haul|
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore
Dhaka, Kuala Lumpur, Jeddah, Riyadh
|long, medium and short haul|
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar
Dubai, Jeddah, Riyadh, Copenhagen, London-LHR, Manchester, Milan, Oslo, Paris, New York
|1 of which |
is leased from ILFC
|long, medium, short and ultra-long haul|
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar
Dubai, Jeddah, Riyadh, Copenhagen, London-LHR, Manchester, Milan, Oslo, Paris, New York, Toronto
|long, medium and short haul|
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore
Dubai, Jeddah, Riyadh, Birmingham, London-LHR, Manchester, Milan, Paris, New York
|40||Updated February 2009|
*Economy Plus Class is offered on domestic routes only.
Fleet orders and changes Edit
In 2007, PIA reached an agreement with Aviation Lease and Finance Company (ALAFCO) of Kuwait, for the leasing of seven new A320-200 aircraft to replace Boeing 737-300 fleet concurrent with the new induction in 2009. However, according to sources the deal has been cancelled yet neither PIA nor ALAFCO have officially announced closure of the deal. In 2009, PIA are seeking dry lease of some aircraft for induction in their fleet by early 2009, these are 3 Airbus A300-600/Airbus A310-300 and 2-3 Boeing 737-300/Boeing 737-400 depending on availability.. The airline also decided to wet lease one of its Boeing 747-300 to any interested parties during looking for a large aircraft. 
In December 2003 PIA introduced a new image that was applied to their first 777-200ER  and on two leased A310-300s one of which was in service, due to negative feedback the design on the 777 and single A310 was modified before delivery to PIA with the tail being painted beige and a flowing Pakistan flag added to it, the PIA acronym was enlarged and moved onto the fuselage, the other A310 continued operating in the original version for a while before being repainted.
In early 2006 the airline launched four new tail designs for its fleet. The tails represented the four provinces of Pakistan: Sindh, Punjab, Northwest Frontier Province and Balochistan.. The tails were to promote the different cultures of the four provinces of Pakistan by applying motifs to the tails and adding a city name to the rear of the fuselage corresponding to the province. A "Destination Pakistan 2007" logo was added below the cockpit of most aircraft. The "Frontier" tail represents the "Phulkari" (flowering) pattern that reflects a rich and colourful tradition of embroidery generally done on shawls, shirts and linen. The "Punjab" tail is loosely related to the exquisite tile decoration of the Wazir Khan Mosque in Lahore. The "Balochistan" tail is a striking and colourful reflection of robust creativity is seen in the kilims, carpets and rugs woven with wool, goat or camel hair and mixed yarn. The pattern is mostly bold geometric motifs in primary colours dominated by red. The "Sindh" tail was influenced from the Hala tile work with electric blue and white floral patterns.
In April 2008 PIA management decided to revert to the flag tail design of 2004, an A310 reg. AP-BEB has been repainted in the flag replacing Sindh provincial scheme.
PIA also operates an extensive cargo delivery system within Pakistan. During the early 1970s, PIA operated a service called "Air Express" that delivered documents and parcels from one airport to another. Pakistan International Cargo was started in 1974 using two Boeing 707-320C, with services to the Middle East and Europe. The operations ended in the late 1990s when both aircraft were grounded. PIA Cargo transports a range of goods across Pakistan as well as to international destinations. These include meat and vegetables, textiles, paper products and laboratory equipment.
In 2003 PIA launched "PIA Speedex", a courier service in Karachi, Lahore, and Rawalpindi/Islamabad; expanding within a year to 12 cities. Today, the airline offers over 70 locations within Pakistan, with shipments collected and delivered from customers' homes. From 2004 to September 2007, PIA Cargo operated two Airbus A300 Freighter aircraft chartered through MNG Airlines to Haan and Luton; initially these also operated to Amsterdam, Basel and Cologne.
Marketing and sponsorships Edit
- Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) supports a first-class cricket team that plays in the ABN AMRO Patron's Trophy in Pakistan.
- PIA is also sponsoring the Pakistani team for the A1 Grand Prix.
- PIA also promotes the Shandur Polo Gala, that takes place every year in the Chitral and Gilgit regions of northern Pakistan during the summer period.
- PIA is one of the official sponsors of the "Destination Pakistan 2007" festivals.
- PIA also has its own Boy Scouts Association (PIA-BSA) working in partnership with Pakistan Boy Scouts Association. After the earthquake, PIA-BSA was working in partnership with other charity organisations to provide relief help.
- PIA Planetariums located in Karachi and Lahore are owned by PIA, which enable the public to see static aircraft as well as astronomy shows.
- PIA Horticulture, set up in 1996, provides flowers for display in PIA's offices and for a range of events, winning several awards and accolades at flower exhibitions across the country.
- PIA also supports non-profit organisations within Pakistan such as; Al-Shifa Trust, Zindagi Trust, The Citizens Foundation and Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT). 
Achievements and recognitions Edit
- First airline from an Asian country to fly the Super Constellation.
- First Asian airline to operate a jet aircraft.
- First Asian airline to be granted maintenance approval by the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the Air Registration Board, predecessor of the British Civil Aviation Authority (CAA).
- First non-communist airline to fly to the People's Republic of China, and operate a service between Asia and Europe via Moscow.
- First airline in Asia to induct the new technology Boeing 737-300 aircraft.
- First airline in the world to operate scheduled helicopter services.
- First airline to show in-flight movies on international routes.
- The first airline in South Asia to introduce auto-ticketing facility.
- The first airline in the world to fly to Tashkent, capital of the newly independent state of Uzbekistan.
- First airline in the world to start Air Safari with jet aircraft.
- First Asian airline to start flights to Oslo, the capital city of Norway.
- First airline in the world to induct the Boeing 777-200LR, the world's longest range commercial airliner.
- First airline in the world to take delivery of the Boeing 777-200LR Worldliner (Longer Range Variant).
- Pakistan International Airlines Flight Services Department was awarded the ISO 9001:2000 certification award during May 2006.
- First airline in Pakistan to operate a flight with an all female crew at command and in the cabin.
- First airline in the world to operate the Boeing 777-200ER, 777-200LR and 777-300ER altogether - all the three variants available on the market at the time.
- PIA Flight Kitchens in Karachi were awarded the HACCP Certification. 
Special operations Edit
PIA operates private charter flights using ATR 42s to Kadanwari and Sewan Sharif gas field in Sindh as well as to other parts of the country on behalf of oil and gas companies. Ad hoc charters for United Nations peacekeeping troops are also carried out to Africa and Eastern Europe using Boeing 747s.
Hajj and Umrah operationsEdit
PIA operates a two-month (pre- and post-) Hajj operation each year to and from Jeddah and sometimes Madinah in Saudi Arabia. PIA transports over 130,000 intending pilgrims each year from Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar, Quetta, Faisalabad, Multan, and Sukkur to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. In order to deal with the demand, the airline leases many different aircraft including Boeing 747-200s, Airbus A321s, Airbus A300B4s and Boeing 737-400s.
Head of state transportation Edit
PIA has always transported the President and Prime Minister of Pakistan on overseas visits. During the late 1990s, a PIA Boeing 737-300 was used for official visits by the Bhutto and Sharif governments. The aircraft wore official government colours but was later repainted in the airline official colours at the end of the decade. When the government changed after a military coup in 1999, the Boeing B737 was transferred to PIA permanently. The President and Prime Minister then resorted to using two of PIA's Airbus A310-300 for official visits, while rare trips were done on regular commercial flights of the airline. In February 2007 the government of Qatar gifted one of their VIP fleet A310 to the Pakistani government, this has ended the need for use of PIA aircraft. However, from time to time the government uses the airline's Boeing 737 or Airbus A310 for official trips.
Incidents and accidents Edit
Since it began services, seven Pakistan International Airlines flights have crashed. PIA has a record of 5.00 fatalities per million flights.
- PIA Flight 705 was a Boeing 720 – 040 B that crashed while descending to land on Runway 34 at Cairo International Airport on May 20, 1965 resulting in 119 fatalities.
- PIA Flight 740 was a Boeing 707-340C that crashed after takeoff from Jeddah International Airport on November 26, 1979. Flight PK740 departed Jeddah at 01:29 for a flight to Karachi.
- PIA Flight 268 was an Airbus A300B4-203, registration AP-BCP, which crashed on approach to Kathmandu's Tribhuvan International Airport on September 28, 1992. All 167 on board were killed.
- PIA Flight 544 was the flight number of a Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) Fokker F27 that was hijacked on May 25, 1998. All passengers and crew were unhurt during the incident.
- At 12:05 pm on July 10 2006., a Fokker F27 was scheduled to operate from Multan to Lahore and then to Islamabad. It crashed into a field after bursting into flames a few minutes after takeoff from Multan International Airport. All 41 passengers and four crewmembers on board PIA Flight 688 were killed.
See also Edit
- Transport in Pakistan
- Pakistan International Airlines cricket team
- Pakistan International Airlines football club
- ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_airlines_in_Asia
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ The Evolution of The Pakistan Army By Brig. (Ret.) Noor A. Husain
- ↑ Aircraft Losses In Pakistan -1971 War (PAF, Army Aviation, and Civilian aircraft Casualties) - by P V S Jagan Mohan
- ↑ PIA in the old days History of PIA, assessed 03-02-2009
- ↑ E.U. to ban PIA
- ↑ EU banes Pakistan airline flights - BBC News - Obtained March 5, 2007.
- ↑ Pakstrategy: EU Lifts ban on Eleven PIA Planes
- ↑ EU Lifts ban on PIA Brecorder Newspapers, Accessed December 1, 2007
- ↑ PIA grounds jumbos to cut fuel bill
- ↑ Aijaz takes over as PIA MD Dawn Newspapers Accessed 16 May 2008
- ↑ Grounded PIA Jumbo Jets flying again - Jang Newspapers, Accessed 22-05-2008
- ↑ PIA privatisation Flight International Magazine, printed 01-01-1997, assessed 09-03-2009
- ↑ Pak Steel, PIA dropped from privatisation list The News, Jang Newspapers Published 18-02-2009, assessed 09-03-2009
- ↑ 
- ↑ PIA moves towards Global Alliances Pakistan International Airlines Press Release, assessed 03-04-2007
- ↑ PIA Annual Report 2006-2007
- ↑ About PIA - Flight Kitchens
- ↑ PIA website: About Fleet, , 
- ↑ Pakistan International Airlines: PIA for Business - Tender Notices, 2009
- ↑ Tender Name: Boeing 747-300 Available on Wet Lease
- ↑ Pre-delivery colours on the Boeing 777-200/ER at Everett
- ↑ PIA launches four new tails
- ↑ Enjoy the spectacular shandur Polo Gala 2007-07-07
- ↑ PIA: Make Pakistan Your Next Destination, 2007
- ↑ Corporate Social Responsibility within PIA
- ↑ PIA’s Flight Kitchen Karachi Awarded HACCP Certification
- ↑ "AP-BEH" PIA B737 in Government Colours
- ↑ Airliners.net: Pakistan Air Force A310-304
- ↑ Template:Cite web
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ Template:Cite news
Further reading Edit
- Official: PIA history timeline from 1947 - 1999
- Boeing Frontiers Online: The Road to Profitability:
- ATR press releases
- ILFC press release
- Pakstrategy: PIA's EU ban update
- Boeing press release: PIA first to fly Boeing 777-200LR Worldliner
- PIA operations return to normality
- History of PIA - Historic achievements and recognitions
- Afriqonline: history of PIA
- Asia Times article: Airbus, Boeing vies for Pakistan order
- Aviation Safety Database: Pakistan International Airlines
- PIA fly twice weekly to Leeds Bradford
- PIA resume Stansted Flights
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